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  • Friday, January 28, 2022 1:48 PM | Elizabeth Kress (Administrator)

    BDO Zone announced for Barnwell County SC: see press release

    Interesting tweet about SecVilsack by American Forests; click here

    Official Blog of Southern Group of State Foresters: The Five Biggest Threats to US Southern Forests... and How to Combat Them. 

    Ask for Wood! One Pager   good info!

    Ask for Paper! another One Pager 

    The website for this campaign: 

  • Wednesday, December 08, 2021 9:50 AM | Elizabeth Kress (Administrator)

    There were three presentations during the October 28th meeting.

    Madison Daly of Daly Organics presented on the development and growth of the company he formed with his brother James. Located in Hardeeville, SC, the company processes multiple organic residue and waste streams into a variety of products.

    Charlie Pierce is the Wood Procurement Manager for the Dorchester and Allendale plants of Atlantic Power Corporation. Charlie discussed his company and the current supply situation that he sees. Atlantic Power Presentation.pdf

    Andy Horcher, Ph. D. is Assistant Forest Manager with the US Forest Service on the Savannah River site. He presented on the research work that he oversees. USFS-Savannah River SCBC.pdf Along with Andy, we heard from Doug Aubrey, Ph.D. with the University of Georgia’s Savannah River Ecology Lab & Warnell School of Forestry and Natural Resources who leads some of the work. SC_Biomass_DPA.pdf

  • Friday, December 04, 2020 1:48 PM | Elizabeth Kress (Administrator)

    After the Biomass Session of the E4Carolinas Clean Energy Conference, our SC Biomass Council recruited a new member. He is Dr. Joe Sagues who has a Ph.D. from NCSU in Forest Biomaterials.  He is an Assistant Professor in the Department of Biological & Agricultural Engineering. It is not an exaggeration to say that we need another thousand people working in the same areas that he is.

    This summary of his current work comes directly from his bio: Presently, he is developing technologies that utilize and sequester biogenic carbon. These technologies can be broadly classified as natural and engineered. An example of a natural technology includes enhanced mineralization of soils to sequester CO2. Examples of engineered technologies include catalytic graphitization of biomass to graphitic anode material for use in lithium-ion batteries and microbial electrosynthesis of CO2 to butanol. Each technology pursued undergoes techno-economic & carbon life cycle assessments.

    The second example of his current work links biomass and electric vehicles. Anode materials are the negative electrode in lithium-ion batteries and are paired with cathode materials in a lithium-ion cell. The vast majority of lithium-ion batteries use graphite powder as an anode material. Graphite materials are either synthetically-produced (artificial graphite) or mined from the ground (natural graphite), then heavily processed before being baked onto a copper foil to serve as anodes.

    Dr. Sagues notes in one article that “Softwood-derived biographite is of the highest quality and demonstrates excellent electrochemical performance as anode material….”.  Just in case you think this is too academic to be useful, South Carolina has a company that is very interested in the development of products from high-quality lignin. Ingevity, in Charleston, has a suitable lignin product. Lignin is a biomass material that is usually burned as fuel in the paper-making process. Creating higher uses for lignin and other paper-making by-products is Ingevity’s strong suit. Read more on Ingevity’s lignin product here.

    Electric vehicle use in the US is growing fastest in corporate fleets. Worldwide, there have been recent announcements like UK Prime Minister Boris Johnson, who revealed a climate plan that includes banning the sales of new gas-powered vehicles starting in 2030. Norway has announced a phase-out of gas-powered vehicles by 2025, and Denmark by 2030. California pledged a phase-out by 2035.  With the price of solar and wind power dropping so dramatically, new renewable power plants assisted by battery power load-following can be available to meet this need.

    The world is in dire need of innovations to replace fossil-fuel materials with plant-based (i.e., “keep it in the ground”). All of us in the biomass industry should be looking for ways to grow more plants and trees, and ways to use these to displace fossil carbon materials.

    To read more about Dr. Sagues, here are his two webpages:

    Faculty webpage:

    Lab webpage:

  • Monday, September 21, 2020 11:35 AM | Elizabeth Kress (Administrator)

    In a conversation with a California friend, she said that the fires were caused because Californians did not rake up around their trees or cut up their dead trees.  She was being sarcastic, of course, since most of the forests are federal lands (57%) and the scale is much greater than what individuals can clean up and rake up on their own private property. How do you clean up forests which cover 31.6 million acres? 

    The state of South Carolina is a much different case from California, in that our forests are more managed. Our own dry season results in wildfires which are more easily controlled. California’s hot dry season (and getting hotter) results in catastrophic wildfires over large areas.  We do have our forests - 13 million acres of them, which cover 67% of our state’s area compared to California’s 32% area coverage.  More than just the forests, we have good markets for our trees and our forest products. How does that help us?

    The SC Forestry Commission (SCFC) keeps a good eye on the forest industry in our state. Their Forest Products Mill Directory and Maps show detailed lists and locations for all wood and paper-related manufacturing operations in the state. They have a real understanding of how wood and its many products are used and renewed in South Carolina. Having markets for wood provides income for the landowner, and the SCFC offers lots of good information on how to manage forest lands. The result is that our forests are healthy and well-managed for multiple purposes: recreation, the environment, and consistent income to the owner. 

    The South Carolina Biomass Council has members who are engaged in forest products. Some members make electricity and/or process heat from wood or make wood pellets as a fuel for energy production. These markets for low-value wood serve to clean up our forests. We don’t have to “rake our forest floor” because in SC good management of public and private forests provides much of that service.

    Forest2Market recently published some statistics about the lost value of California’s wood. You can read the full article here. The last 30 days of wildfires could have produced electricity to generate 5,000 GigaWatts running for an entire year, which could have powered California for 62 years at its current use.  The total US electricity generating capacity is only 1,100 GigaWatts.

    Now we are not saying that all California’s dead trees should be burned for electricity. We are saying that a there is a place for wood use to produce energy in a balanced system of trees and forest industry.

  • Wednesday, August 12, 2020 1:41 PM | Elizabeth Kress (Administrator)

    This link is to an excellent summary of the US Timber Market. It explains the true concept that the timber market is the biggest reason that the US keeps its trees.

  • Monday, June 08, 2020 2:40 PM | Elizabeth Kress (Administrator)

    Read the blog below, or click on the link HERE to go to the blog at the Forest2Market site.

    June 08, 2020 Bioenergy

    Author: Forest2Market

    As we wrote just a few months ago, the ground is beginning to decisively shift regarding the topic of climate change, and broad public recognition and acceptance of the impending consequences associated with it is now rippling through the finance and corporate sectors.

    Many leaders at both political and corporate levels are taking proactive measures in their own camps. Moving beyond the hyperbole, the real discussion is turning from “should something be done,” to “what can be done.” As a result, the wave of public sentiment over climate change is now driving significant changes in investment, corporate and political behavior.

    Biomass power has a significant role to play as state and national energy portfolios are expanding to include more renewable feedstocks, greener resources, and sustainable power generation patterns. As we have demonstrated over the years, woody biomass is a widely available, sustainable and renewable feedstock that has surged in popularity and has been incorporated at scale over the last decade. However, roadblocks continue to create an unlevel economic field that renewable energy providers are forced to play on.

    For carbon-neutral biopower to be broadly deployed in our power generation system, it is necessary for biomass renewable energy to become more economically competitive to fossil energy power generation. This can easily be accomplished if the use of fossil fuels were to carry the associated costs of net carbon addition, which it currently doesn’t have to do. Fossil energy continues to get a “free ride” while enjoying the benefits of favorable tax treatments.

    Advocacy for Renewable Biomass Power

    Currently, the biomass power industry reduces carbon emissions by more than 30 million tons each year and provides 14,000 jobs nationwide, many of which are in rural areas.

    The Biomass Power Association (BPA) recently produced an educational video detailing some of the primary benefits of woody biomass and biomass power. BPA is the nation’s leading organization working to expand and advance the use of clean, renewable biomass power, and the Association represents 80 biomass power plants in 20 states across the US.

    See video on biomass:

    BPA is a member-driven organization with the goal of increasing the use of biomass power and creating new jobs and opportunities in the biomass industry. BPA is actively involved in the legislative process and supports policies that increase the use of biomass power and other renewable energy sources in America’s energy portfolio. As policymakers at every level explore ways to lower greenhouse gases and reduce America’s dependence on foreign oil, BPA is the leading advocate for a strong commitment to clean, renewable biomass energy.

    Let’s work together to level the economic playing field for biomass renewable power and apply the same subsidy level for CO2 emission avoidance compared to fossil power generation. If that were to be accomplished, the economics of biopower would become instantly competitive and we could finally move forward with large scale deployment of this important element of our renewable energy portfolio.

    Reprinted with permission from Forest2Market

  • Wednesday, April 22, 2020 11:25 AM | Elizabeth Kress (Administrator)

    The SCBC salutes Earth Day as a celebration of all that the earth provides. Here in South Carolina we have a lot of natural resources to appreciate and preserve.

    Through solid and well-informed policy development, South Carolina can be energy independent and preserve its natural resources and beauty. The option to have 100% affordable and abundant clean energy has never been closer to reality than it is today.

    The SC Biomass Council serves as a resource for the general public and decision-makers about the environmental and economic benefits of biomass energy. The SCBC works cooperatively with state legislators, biomass producers and users, and other stakeholders to increase awareness and use of biomass energy.

    South Carolina currently imports the majority of its energy resources and could greatly benefit from utilizing state-produced feedstocks. The objective of the SCBC is to develop a long term strategy to make biomass energy a feasible alternative to traditional power generation and traditional transportation fuels. Since its formation in 2006, the SCBC has made recommendations to enhance biomass utilization in and around the state.

  • Friday, April 10, 2020 9:30 AM | Elizabeth Kress (Administrator)

    The SC Biomass Council recognizes that a bioeconomy can include more than the expansion of bio-based fuels. The development of new bio-based products, and especially those that substitute for petroleum-based products, can move the world further along to reduce atmospheric carbon. 

    South Carolina's Hartsville-based Sonoco announced an innovative sugarcane fiber product that is produced here in the US. Read the recent press release here or at the link below.

    Congratulations to Sonoco for being named to Barron's top 100 Sustainable Companies.

  • Thursday, February 20, 2020 12:58 PM | Deleted user

    In 2019, Atlantic Power Corporation acquired two wood-fueled biomass-to-energy operations in South Carolina. The purchase from EDF -Renewable Energy group included a facility in Dorchester County, and a nearly identical facility in Allendale County. EDF-RE was divesting of its biomass holdings to focus on its wind and solar portfolio, while Atlantic Power has a strong focus on biomass operations, as well as natural gas and hydro holdings. Forested timberlands occupy approximately two-thirds (12.3 million acres) of South Carolina’s land area, and timber is South Carolina’s largest cash crop. The two South Carolina plants are located in a well-developed wood products market.

    The biomass-fueled facilities of Atlantic Power include eight plants in the US and Canada. The additional biomass plants are in Michigan (Cadillac and Grayling -30% owned); Ontario (Hearst); North Carolina (New Bern, 50% owned); Georgia (Barnesville) and British Columbia (Williams Lake). Production capability ranges from 20 to 66MW in size.

    Atlantic Power is strategically sharing experience and resources among its biomass leadership and has emphasized the role of plant support with its headquarters staff, resulting in a lean and responsive corporate structure. For more information about this company, you may access the 2018 annual report here.

  • Friday, January 31, 2020 9:58 AM | Deleted user

    Lauren Phipps reports in Circular Weekly that Adidas has committed to increase the content of recycled polyester (rPET) in its garments, joining other apparel companies. Creating a demand for recycled polymers is an important driver for our recycling programs in South Carolina and the US. The recycled materials market took a huge hit when Asian countries restricted imports from the US. 

    Lauren wrote a good discussion of what choices we make in recycling plastics. Read the full article here.

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